IBL pedagogy in Science modules

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Tell me, I forget, show me, I remember, involve me, I understand. - Carl Orff

The last part of this quote forms the essence of IBL or Inquiry-based learning. Inquiry is seeking information by questioning. Since birth, we learn most of the things by inquiring. You must have seen babies using their senses of seeing, hearing, touch, taste, and smell to inquire - observe faces and voices, grasp objects, put things in mouth, etc. So, if we use the same inquiry approach in learning complex concepts, it would make the learning process interesting and stimulating for the learners.

Teachers in Singapore wanted to involve students in the learning process for Science subjects, which led to the use of IBL-pedagogy in the Science content. This was implemented by following a three-stage approach - Prediction, Observation, and Explanation - in experiments for complex concepts. Let's understand this with the help of the below demo.

View Demo for Implementation of IBL Pedagogy:


The situation/ problem is followed by an experiment that uses Prediction, Observation, and Explanation. In the Prediction stage, the learners predict by selecting a response from the given options.

In the next stage, they select a response based on observation. This is followed by a feedback and the explanation. They also get an option to check their prediction against the observation.